ECO-driving is a driving attitude focusing on energy efficient using of vehicles. While transportation takes a significant share of the global carbon footprint of the world, ECO-driving helps to reduce fuel consumption thereby reduce fuel costs and CO2 emission.
Some of modern fleet-management devices are supporting ECO-driving by indicating the driver performance computed from vehicle data. This driver behavior information can be displayed immediately to the driver to increase fuel economy and sent to Back-Office for further processing and driving performance analysis.
The fuel economy of a vehicle is the fuel efficiency relationship between the distance travelled and the vehicle’s fuel consumption. Fuel consumption is mostly expressed as the distance travelled per a given amount of fuel (MPG – miles per gallon) or the amount of fuel consumed per a given distance (l/100km).
There are many factors that can reduce fuel consumption:
- Sufficient tire pressure
- Disable air conditioning
- Reducing wind resistance
- Reducing the unnecessary weights of vehicle
- Appropriate driving behaviour
The total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).